Gender Impact Assessment

Origin of Gender Impact Assessment in Taiwan


The concept of gender impact assessment in Taiwan originally stemmed from APEC (Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation). Since 2000, APEC designed the “Gender Criteria Checklist for APEC Project Proposal” and “One-Minute Introduction to Gender Criteria,” and proscribed that all project proposals to APEC must be accompanied these criteria forms in order to examining whether gender perspectives were incorporated in the proposals. APEC’s gender criteria includes objectives, linkages, methodology, dissemination of project output, budget, assessment of project and beneficiary.

The strategy by which APEC incorporated gender perspective in all its funded projects has fundamentally influenced the development of gender impact assessment in our country.
In 2004, the Foundation for Women’s Rights Promotion and Development (FWRPD), mandated by the Ministry of the Interior, began to research on developing gender impact assessment tool for governmental policies by referring to APEC gender criteria mechanism. In the same year, the Women’s Rights Committee of the Executive Yuan officially introduced the concept of gender impact Assessment in all government agencies.

In 2006, the Committee passed the resolution stipulating that all government agencies were required to incorporate gender perspectives into their policy proposals, which marked the inception of gender impact assessment.

In 2008, the Foundation (FWRPD) and Research, Development and Evaluation Commission collaboratively completed the “Gender Impact Assessment Handbook.” This handbook marks the milestone in gender development in Taiwan in that it introduced a gender impact assessment form. All government agencies, when proposing long-term or mid-term policies to the Executive Yuan, are requested to fulfill this form in order to incorporate a gender perspective into all policies and programs, so that before decisions are taken, an analysis is made of the effects on women and men respectively.

Gender Impact Assessment Guide Book (In Chinese)

In 2013, under the direction and sponsorship of the government, the Foundation published the Gender Impact Assessment Guide Book, in which introduced international and local practices.

 

Introducing the Gender Impact Assessment Form and Procedure


The form of Gender Improvement Assessment, designed and incorporated in all policy-making procedures in 2008, consists of five major components: needs identification and objective setting, beneficiary, Participation mechanism, resource assessment and result evaluation. By institutionalizing gender impact assessment, the government has mainstreamed gender perspectives in every stage of policy-making. The stipulated procedure of gender impact assessment is demonstrated as follows.

Gender Impact Assessment in Policy-Making Process

The scope of Gender Impact Assessment includes all medium-and
long-term governmental projects/policies and legislations.

Phase I: Drafting Policy Proposal

In order to identify needs and set objectives, policy proposal undertaker is required to take into account the existing difference between men and women, in order to ensure that the policy proposal contributes to promote gender equality. In this regard, one needs to collect sex-disaggregated data for analysis and consults gender experts about gender perspectives during the initial stage of drafting policy proposal.

Phase II: Participation mechanism

Proposal undertaker has to fulfill the Gender Impact Assessment Form, and then consult at least one gender expert, women organization or a gender equality taskforce. Experts will evaluate the proposal and offer advices. If project fails to promote gender equality, experts can demand to re-examine the proposal.

Phase III: Gender Evaluation

Proposal undertakes revises the policy proposal according to the comments from gender expert, and disseminates the result of gender evaluation to gender experts or women organizations who participate in the evaluation.

Phase IV: Ministry-and Executive Yuan-level Examination

After passing gender evaluation, the policy proposal will be examined first in the ministry level and then in the Executive Yuan level. In both levels, formal and substantive examination will be conducted.

Phase V: government performance Assessment

The Executive Yuan has incorporated gender impact assessment in its administrative performance assessment system by establishing gender performance indicator.

 

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